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This document focuses on the use of Vetch (Vicia villosa) and Lupin (Lupinus albus) as green manure to improve the soil fertility in the highlands farms of Southern Ethiopia. It aims at helping field technicians to support farming families in the presentation of the practice, by addressing the following main contents:

  1. What is meant by “green manure” and what are the benefits
  2. Calendar: when to cultivate green manure
  3. Calculating the quantity of seeds to be produced and the surface needed for seeds multiplication according to the area to be treated with green manure
  4. Plot selection: where to apply green manure
  5. When and how to sow the seeds
  6. How to conserve the seeds for the following year
  7. Chopping and incorporation
  8. What impact can be expected on the crop yield after green manure
  9. Other uses of Vetch